What is an electric car and how does it work?

An electric car is a vehicle driven by one or more electric motors that uses electrical energy stored in rechargeable batteries and transforms it into kinetics. Unlike internal combustion vehicles, which operate by burning fuel, an electric car obtains traction from electric motors. This energy is stored in rechargeable systems, batteries, which then consume the energy stored during its displacement. The motor of an electric car can be either alternating current or direct current.

The most advanced technology in electric vehicles today is that of lithium- ion batteries. Plug-in hybrids, which combine an electric motor with a combustion engine, are also electric cars. Both are increasingly present in the Spanish automobile fleet.

When electric cars were invented

Believe it or not, electric cars are not a modern invention. In fact, they existed before diesel cars and gasoline. Already in the 19th century, between 1832 and 1839, Robert Anderson, a Scottish inventor, developed the first pure electric vehicle.

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France and the United Kingdom were the pioneers in promoting the widespread development of electric vehicles, but the truth is that they did not have much commercial success. Due to technological limitations, the maximum speed that these first electric vehicles could reach was only 32 km / h, which is why they were reserved for the upper classes and women, mainly.

The Peugeot automobile company was one of the first to launch an electric car on the market. It was in the year 1941, during the Second World War, partly motivated by the shortage of fuel. The vehicle in question was called Peugeot VLV ( Voiture Légère de Ville / Light Vehicle of City), a cabrio of two seats destined to urban use with a revolutionary electrical technology for that time. It had a range of 80 km and reached 30 km / h.

The introduction of the electric start system, together with the assembly lines, led to the gradual eradication of the electric vehicle. Thus, towards the end of 1930 the electric car industry had almost completely disappeared until now. People these days love to purchase Kids Ride on Cars for the pleasurement of their kids as kids these days love to ride on the electric cars while following the trends around them.

From what parts is an electric car composed

Motor: The motor of an electric car can be an alternating current or direct current motor. You can have one or several, depending on the design. It also recovers energy.

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Charger: Absorbs electricity alternately directly from the network and transforms it into direct current, in order to charge the main battery.

Batteries: The lithium ion batteries store the energy coming from the charger in the form of direct current. This is how the electric car is powered. In electric cars that have an electric motor of alternating current, the battery is connected to an inverter.

Transformers: Transformers convert alternating current, which is supplied by the network, into direct current, which is what accumulates in the batteries.

Investors: Investors transform direct current into alternating current.

Controllers: They check the correct operation for efficiency and safety and regulate the energy received or recharged by the motor.

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