Different Motivational Theories
To decide the suitability of various motivational theories that can be adopted by Educational organisation and Small business enterprise, let us look into three different approaches:
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs– This theory has outlined five levels of personal or individual needs for employees. First level of the need is the basic needs including food, clothes, and wage. Educational organisation and Small business enterprise both have provide their employees with required facilities in order to fulfill employee needs. Second need in the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is the safety, which requires the employer to follow workplace related safety instructions. Third need in the theory indicates the social needs, which need the organisation and Small business enterprise to provide the employees to mingle with each other in such way that the social circle will be increased, and social recognition will be satisfactory. Fifth need can be fulfilled by the Educational organisation and Small business enterprise by providing personal development to employees and giving ample opportunity to grow within the company.
Vroom expectancy theories– This theory is very close to the previous Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. It deals with motivation and behaviour part of the employees at the workplace. According to this theory, the managers at organisation and Small business enterprise have to motivate their employees so that the customer centric business will be sustainable in long term. Small business enterprise provides ample amount of opportunity to its employees which motivates them to perform, on the base of a positive expectation.
McGregor’s theory X and Y- This theory has two parts: Theory X deals with the authoritarian approach of people management; Theory T deals with the autocratic way of managing the employees. Theory X is not to be practised at Small business enterprise, and Theory Y has more application scope.
After comparing the above three motivational theories, it is advisable that Small business enterprise and Educational organisation should follow the Vroom expectancy theories.
Implementation of theories in Educational organisation and Small business enterprise’s workforce
Herzberg’s motivation-hygiene theory identifies Motivators and Hygiene factors, which includes the motivational theory in practise. These two factors are responsible in inspiring employees at organisation and Small business enterprise; it can also increase the job satisfaction at the two companies. At Small business enterprise, the actions of the managers are very much responsible in reflecting the way employees are enacting their responsibilities towards the customers. The role and importance of motivation is very crucial in case of the organisation and Small business enterprise; hence the managers need to focus on motivating the employees so that the job satisfaction is increased. Small business enterprise recognises the hygiene factors, and provides its employees with the required wage and compensation. Basic factors at work place are also given much importance, which indirectly but effectively influence the level of satisfaction and efficiency of the employees. Employees are supposed to be provided with rewards and recognitions, which work as the motivators. Motivators are important in encouraging the employees in giving better performance to the company.